Yubileyniy is an airport is part of the Baikonur cosmodrome complex which is leased from Kazakhstan by Russia. It sits 40 km north-north-west of the town of Baikonur.
It was built in the 1980s as the landing site for the Buran space plane and is where Buran (OK-1K1) landed after it orbited the earth twice on November 15th, 1988.
The Buran space plane flew autonomously into space, first boosting itself into a slightly higher orbit, and then returning to earth after just two orbits, making a perfect runway landing at Yubileyniy.
Following the collapse of the Soviet Union the Buran project was cancelled and the airport was left unused until 1995, when the need arose to support heavy aircraft from the United States, launching US spacecraft under international commercial programs.
A program of refurbishment was started which included updates to radio navigation, radio communications, lighting, meteorological and other equipment. Civil aerodrome personnel were recruited and the runway was overhauled. The work was completed in 1997 and the experimental airfield was put into operation.
Since then the the runway has occasionally been used by planes carrying inbound VIPs and cosmonauts, but the airfield, although still functional, is mostly disused.